Violation of the land rights of indigenous peoples and communities also undermines climate progress. As WRI`s “Climate Benefits, Tenure Costs: The Economic Case for Securing Indigenous Land Rights in the Amazon” explains in detail, land lands can generate environmental, social and economic benefits while limiting climate change. If successful, it is likely that the attack on indigenous land rights will lead to greater deforestation and difficulties in achieving climate goals. The wetlands of Pantanal to Mato Grosso. Flickr/Ronald Woan The Amazonian state of Para has also developed its own measures to combat climate change. Para2030 proposes strategies to develop a low-carbon economy, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote recovery. One of the opportunities to promote sustainable development in the region is the important biodiversity reserve in the region. The region provides raw materials that can be used in agriculture to biotechnology. Brazil faces an ongoing challenge to deal with the COVID 19 pandemic. Brazil`s first response to the pandemic further weakened environmental legislation. It seems likely that the Bolsonaro administration will continue in the wrong direction on the basis of the results achieved so far, ignore the urgent need to take action to combat climate change in Brazil and will not take the opportunity to pursue a green economic recovery.
The CTU considers Brazil to be “insufficient”. This lack of progress has jeopardized the Amazon multilateral fund, which funds projects to combat deforestation in the Amazon. In June, Norway cut its resources by $60 million; If deforestation continues to increase in the Amazon, financial aid could fall further, even to zero, making it even more difficult to combat deforestation. Among the most important measures expected by Brazil to achieve its NDC target, we expect Brazil`s greenhouse gas emissions, excluding UTCCF, to decrease by about 4% in 2020 compared to 2019 levels. Social isolation measures have led to a reduction in the burning of fossil fuels for transport and electricity generation and a decline in industrial activity in the second quarter of 2020. However, agricultural emissions will continue to rise as fewer livestock will be sent for slaughter. The agricultural sector remains Brazil`s second largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions after deforestation and is itself an important driver of deforestation, but we are not finding new policy instruments or rules to accelerate the implementation of emissions reductions in this critical sector. Full-text calls reflect PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle, and full-text HTML views. To achieve emissions and rapidly reduce the volumes required by the Paris Agreement, Brazil must reverse the current trend of climate policy mitigation by maintaining and strengthening the implementation of forest policies and accelerating climate actions in other sectors, including reversing current fossil fuel development plans. Check out all the quotes from Google Scholar for this article.
In the transport sector, biofuels have made a significant contribution to improving the emissions intensity of Brazil`s road transport sector, but a complete decarbonisation of the transport sector requires the rapid use of electric vehicles (EVs). As far as electric vehicles are concerned, Brazil is a laggard, with a very low penetration rate and no clear strategy to significantly increase the adoption of this technology. Civil society is also contributing to the fight against climate change by ensuring transparency in the implementation of Brazil`s NDCs and by supporting efforts to raise the level of national policies over time, as in the case of the Climate Observatory and the Brazilian Coalition for Climate, Forests and Agriculture.