Revitalised Agreement South Sudan

January 12, 2019 marked four months since the government of South Sudan led by President Salva Kiir; the opposition Sudanese People`s Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO) led by Riek Machar; and the Opposition Alliance of South Sudan signed in September 2018 the relaunched agreement on the resolution of the conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). The agreement calls for its implementation to take place in two phases. First, the transition phase (TPP) has an eight-month period during which the contracting parties prepare for the implementation of the R-ARCSS through the National Transitional Committee (NPTC). The second phase is practically the implementation phase: a three-year phase of a relaunched Transnational Government of National Unity (RTGoNU), which will begin at the end of the TPP. Despite potential obstacles to the implementation of the R-ARCSS, there are many factors that will ensure that the agreement meets its overall objective of laying the foundation for a unified, peaceful and prosperous South Sudan. These three measures, considered to be multi-level R-ARCSS violations, are intended to further weaken trust between the parties to the agreement. In the same way, they undermine the confidence of public opinion, if at all, in the commitment of political actors to change South Sudan`s path to peace. However, the institutions that have been formed face the great challenge of not having the means to meet their responsibilities. In total, according to stakeholders, $280 million is needed to implement the peace agreement. Less than $3 million has been seized to date.9 In his rallying words at the third meeting of the CTSAMVM, on 22 January 2019, the President, Desta Abiche Ageno, expressed precisely this restriction: that budgetary constraints hinder the panel`s ability to use monitors and hold them to account at work.10 Under the reference that the restriction “having an impact on the performance of tasks and activities is smooth” 11 Funding funding peace is such an obstacle that in February 2019, Kiir decided to reduce the salary controls of civil servants from March to June 2019 in order to finance the peace process.12 This decision is rather paradoxical, as several reports show that workers in South Sudan are not being properly paid and are rarely paid. In all respects, the government has already withdrawn the financial contribution of public opinion to the implementation of peace.