“This has allowed rich countries to maintain or increase their very high subsidies by moving from one kind of subsidy to another,” Said Third World Network. That is why, after the Uruguay Round, subsidies have increased overall in OECD countries, rather than falling, despite the obvious promise to reduce subsidies in the North. In addition, Martin Khor argued that subsidies to green and blue boxes can also distort trade – because “protection is better camouflaged, but the effect is the same.”  Obligation to meet specific binding obligations in each of the following areas: market access; Domestic assistance Export competition and reach agreement on health and plant health issues; The extent of this reduction depends on the nature of the aid. Aid is divided into different “boxes” depending on their impact on trade distortion in agricultural markets. In principle, agriculture is subject to all WTO agreements and agreements on trade in goods, including the 1994 GATT agreements and WTO agreements on issues such as tariff assessment, import authorisation procedures, due diligence, emergency measures, subsidies and technical barriers to trade. However, in the event of a conflict between these agreements and the agricultural agreement, the provisions of the agreement on agriculture apply. WTO agreements on trade in services and trade aspects of intellectual property rights also apply to agriculture. The agreement has been criticized by civil society groups for reducing customs protection for small farmers, an important source of income in developing countries, while allowing rich countries to continue subsidizing agriculture in their own countries. This isolation of domestic markets was partly the result of measures originally taken following the collapse in commodity prices in the 1930s. In addition, after the Second World War, many governments focused on increasing agricultural production on the national territory in order to feed their growing population. To this end, and to maintain a certain balance between the development of rural and urban incomes, many countries, particularly in industrialized countries, have resorted to supporting market prices for agricultural prices. Barriers to entry have kept the sale of domestic production going. In response to these measures and due to productivity gains, self-sufficiency rates have increased rapidly.
In a number of cases, the expansion of domestic production of some agricultural products has not only completely replaced imports, but has led to structural surpluses.